The tuning-fork model of human social cognition: A critique☆

Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):229-243 (2009)

Authors
Pierre Jacob
Institut Jean Nicod
Abstract
The tuning-fork model of human social cognition, based on the discovery of mirror neurons (MNs) in the ventral premotor cortex of monkeys, involves the four following assumptions: (1) mirroring processes are processes of resonance or simulation. (2) They can be motor or non-motor. (3) Processes of motor mirroring (or action-mirroring), exemplified by the activity of MNs, constitute instances of third-person mindreading, whereby an observer represents the agent's intention. (4) Non-motor mirroring processes enable humans to represent others' emotions. After questioning all four assumptions, I point out that MNs in an observer's brain could not synchronically resonate with MNs in an agent's brain unless they discharged in a single brain in two distinct tasks at different times. Finally, I sketch a conceptualist alternative to the resonance model according to which a brain mechanism active in both the execution and the perception of e.g., the act of grasping is the neural basis of the concept of e.g., grasping
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DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2008.05.002
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References found in this work BETA

Action in Perception.Alva Noë - 2005 - MIT Press.
The Language of Thought.Jerry A. Fodor - 1975 - Noûs 14 (1):120-124.
Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading.Alvin Goldman - 2008 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 66 (1):94-97.

View all 42 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Direct-Perception Model of Empathy: A Critique. [REVIEW]Pierre Jacob - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):519-540.
What is so Special About Embodied Simulation?Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):512-519.
Mirroring, Simulating and Mindreading.Alvin I. Goldman - 2009 - Mind and Language 24 (2):235-252.
Through the Looking Glass: Self and Others.Corrado Sinigaglia & Giacomo Rizzolatti - 2011 - Cosciousness and Cognition 20 (1):64-74.

View all 18 citations / Add more citations

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