How Dissent on Gender Bias in Academia Affects Science and Society: Learning from the Case of Climate Change Denial

Philosophy of Science 88 (4):573-593 (2021)
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Abstract

Gender bias is a recalcitrant problem in academia and society. However, dissent has been created on this issue. We focus on dissenting studies by Stephen J. Ceci and Wendy M. Williams, arguing that they reach conclusions that are unwarranted on the basis of the available evidence and that they ignore fundamental objections to their methodological decisions. Drawing on discussions from other contexts, particularly on manufactured dissent concerning anthropogenic climate change, we conclude that dissent on gender bias substantially contributes to the exacerbation of biases in society and an increasing number of attacks on researchers, making it both epistemically and socially problematic.

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