In Mauricio Suárez, Mauro Dorato & Miklós Rédei (eds.), EPSA Philosophical Issues in the Sciences: Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association. Springer. pp. 197--209 (2009)

Authors
Oliver Pooley
Oxford University
Abstract
John Earman's recent proposal that a substantive version of general covariance consists in the requirement that diffeomorphism invariance be a gauge symmetry is critically assessed. I argue that such a principle does not serve to differentiate general relativity from pre-relativistic theories. A model-theoretic characterization of two formulations of specially-relativistic theories is suggested. Diffeomorphisms are symmetries of only one such style of formulation and, I argue, Earman's proposal does not provide a reason to deny diffeomorphisms the status of gauge transformations relative to this formulation. Carlo Rovelli's distinction between "passive" and "active" diffeomorphism invariance is also clarified.
Keywords General Covariance  Diffeomorphism Invariance  Background Independence
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References found in this work BETA

An Example Relevant to the Kretschmann-Einstein Debate.Rafael Sorkin - 2001 - Modern Physics Letters A 17:695--700.
General Relativity and the Physical Content of General Covariance.Ad'an Sus - 2008 - Dissertation, Universitat Autònoma De Barcelona

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Background Independence: Lessons for Further Decades of Dispute.Trevor Teitel - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics:41-54.
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How Could Relativity Be Anything Other Than Physical?Wayne C. Myrvold - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 67:137-143.
Einstein׳s Equations for Spin 2 Mass 0 From Noether׳s Converse Hilbertian Assertion.J. Brian Pitts - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 56:60-69.

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