Chapter 5: Dual-Ranking Act-Consequentialism: Reasons, Morality, and Overridingness

Authors
Douglas W. Portmore
Arizona State University
Abstract
This is Chapter 5 of my Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality. In this chapter, I argue that those who wish to accommodate typical instances of supererogation and agent-centered options must deny that moral reasons are morally overriding and accept both that the reason that agents have to promote their own self-interest is a non-moral reason and that this reason can, and sometimes does, prevent the moral reason that they have to sacrifice their self-interest so as to do more to promote the interests of others from generating a moral requirement. Furthermore, I argue that given that an act’s deontic status of both moral and non-moral reasons, the consequentialist must adopt dual-ranking act-consequentialism. I then defend dual-ranking act-consequentialism against a number of objections.
Keywords consequentialism  self/other utilitarianism  supererogation  the paradox of supererogation  agent-centered options  overridingness  moral rationalism  Clay Splawn  Ted Sider
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