Annals of Science 68 (4):493-515 (2011)

Abstract
Summary The pharmacological tradition in the medieval Islamic world developed on the basis of the Greek tradition, with the works of Dioscorides and Galen being particularly popular. The terminology was influenced not only by Greek, but also Middle Persian, Syriac, and indigenous Arabic words. Through recent research into Graeco-Arabic translations, it has become possible to discern the evolution of pharmacological writing in Arabic: in the late eighth century, the technical terms were being developed, with transliterations being used; by the mid-ninth century, many standard Arabic translations for Greek words have been established. Various authors, however, expanded the pharmacology inherited from the Greeks. Galen had established a system of degrees of primary faculties (dry or moist, and warm or cold) that various physicians in the Islamic world modified. Al-Kind?, for instance, invented a theory of how to calculate these degrees in compound drugs, whereas ar-R?z? criticised the epistemology that underlies Galen's theories. Ibn S?n? (Avicenna) complemented the various degrees in his description of simple drugs. Furthermore, both Ibn Sar?biyun and al-Kaskar? integrated new drugs from the Islamic heartland, and the Far East into the Greek system. In these ways, the Arabic pharmacology developed in a creative tension of tradition and innovation
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/00033790.2011.594619
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 59,687
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Deliverance: Logic.Asad Q. Ahmed - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
文化•创新文化•自主创新.ShanKan He - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 22:143-157.
The Arabic Tradition.Peter Adamson - 2010 - In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge.
Managing to Innovate in Higher Education.Harold Silver - 1999 - British Journal of Educational Studies 47 (2):145 - 156.
Lead and Tin in Arabic Alchemy.Bassam I. El-Eswed - 2002 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 12 (1):139-153.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-10-27

Total views
21 ( #501,954 of 2,432,285 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #466,747 of 2,432,285 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes