A mixed self: The role of symbiosis in development

Biological Theory 6 (1):80-88 (2011)

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Abstract
Since the 1950s, the common view of development has been internalist: development is seen as the result of the unfolding of potentialities already present in the egg cell. In this paper I show that this view is incorrect, because of the crucial influence of the environment on development. I focus on a fascinating example, that of the role played by symbioses in development, especially bacterial symbioses, a phenomenon found in virtually all organisms. I claim that we must consequently modify our conception of the boundaries of the developing entity, and I show how immunology can help us in accomplishing this task. I conclude that the developing entity encompasses many elements traditionally seen as “foreign”, while I reject the idea that there is no possible distinction between the organism and its environment
Keywords Bacteria  Development  Internalism  Organism  Organogenesis  Self  Symbiosis
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DOI 10.1007/s13752-011-0011-5
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References found in this work BETA

What is an Organism? An Immunological Answer.Thomas Pradeu - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (2-3):247-267.
On the Definition of a Criterion of Immunogenicity.Thomas Pradeu & Edgardo D. Carosella - 2006 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 (47):17858--17861.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Many Faces of Biological Individuality.Thomas Pradeu - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):761-773.
Mutualistic Viruses and the Heteronomy of Life.Thomas Pradeu - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 59:80-88.
Genidentity and Biological Processes.Thomas Pradeu - 2018 - In Daniel J. Nicholson & John Dupre (eds.), Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press.

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