What is an organism? An immunological answer

Authors
Abstract
The question “What is an organism?”, formerly considered as essential in biology, has now been increasingly replaced by a larger question, “What is a biological individual?”. On the grounds that i) individuation is theory-dependent, and ii) physiology does not offer a theory, biologists and philosophers of biology have claimed that it is the theory of evolution by natural selection which tells us what counts as a biological individual. Here I show that one physiological field, immunology, offers a theory, which makes possible a biological individuation based on physiological grounds. I give a new answer to the question of the individuation of an organism by linking together the evolutionary and the immunological approaches to biological individuation
Keywords organism  individual  identity  immunology  immune system  symbiosis  microbiome  fitness
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Problem of Biological Individuality.Ellen Clarke - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (4):312-325.
The Many Faces of Biological Individuality.Thomas Pradeu - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):761-773.

View all 18 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total downloads
594 ( #3,808 of 2,267,048 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
10 ( #38,017 of 2,267,048 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature