Minds and Machines 1 (3):259-277 (1991)

Intuitive conceptions guide practice, but practice reciprocally reshapes intuition. The intuitive conception of intelligence in AI was originally highly anthropocentric. However, the internal dynamics of AI research have resulted in a divergence from anthropocentric concerns. In particular, the increasing emphasis on commonsense knowledge and peripheral intelligence (perception and movement) in effect constitutes an incipient reorientation of intuitions about the nature of intelligence in a non-anthropocentric direction. I argue that this conceptual shift undermines Joseph Weizenbaum's claim that the project of artificial intelligence is inherently dehumanizing.
Keywords Artificial intelligence  ethics  intelligence  anthropocentrism
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/BF00351181
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,408
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis.Lynn White Jr - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application, Belmont: Wadsworth Company.
The Historical Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis. White, Jr & Lynn - 1967 - Science 155 (3767):1203--1207.
Artificial Intelligence and Natural Man.Martin Atkinson - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (116):278.
The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit.S. Turkle - 1985 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 63:520.
Environmental Ethics.Holmes Rolston, - 1994 - Environmental Ethics 16 (2):219-224.

View all 7 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Comments on Can Intelligence Be Artificial?Paul McNamara - 1993 - Philosophical Studies 71 (2):217-222.
Consciousness, Intentionality, and Intelligence: Some Foundational Issues for Artificial Intelligence.Murat Aydede & Guven Guzeldere - 2000 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 12 (3):263-277.
Environmental Complexity and the Evolution of Cognition.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2002 - In Robert J. Sternberg & J. Kaufman (eds.), The Evolution of Intelligence. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 233--249.
Artificial Intelligence and Wittgenstein.Gerard Casey - 1988 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 32:156-175.
Natural Problems and Artificial Intelligence.Tracy B. Henley - 1990 - Behavior and Philosophy 18 (2):43-55.
The Case for Integrated Intelligence.Marcus Anthony - 2008 - World Futures 64 (4):233 – 253.
Human Intelligence and Turing Test.Adam Drozdek - 1998 - AI and Society 12 (4):315-321.


Added to PP index

Total views
65 ( #155,836 of 2,420,781 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
5 ( #152,411 of 2,420,781 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes