Anthropocentrism, and the evolution of 'intelligence'

Minds and Machines 1 (3):259-277 (1991)
Intuitive conceptions guide practice, but practice reciprocally reshapes intuition. The intuitive conception of intelligence in AI was originally highly anthropocentric. However, the internal dynamics of AI research have resulted in a divergence from anthropocentric concerns. In particular, the increasing emphasis on commonsense knowledge and peripheral intelligence (perception and movement) in effect constitutes an incipient reorientation of intuitions about the nature of intelligence in a non-anthropocentric direction. I argue that this conceptual shift undermines Joseph Weizenbaum's claim that the project of artificial intelligence is inherently dehumanizing.
Keywords Artificial intelligence  ethics  intelligence  anthropocentrism
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DOI 10.1007/BF00351181
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Lynn White Jr (forthcoming). The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis. Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application, Belmont: Wadsworth Company.
Holmes Rolston, (1994). Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 16 (2):219-224.

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