Philosophical Studies 168 (3):629-644 (2014)

Authors
Ryan Preston-Roedder
Occidental College
Abstract
A number of moral philosophers have endorsed instances of the following curious argument: it would be better if a certain moral theory were true; therefore, we have reason to believe that the theory is true. In other words, the mere truth of the theory—quite apart from the results of our believing it or acting in accord with it—would make for a better world than the truth of its rivals, and this fact provides evidence of the theory’s truth. This form of argument may seem to be an obvious non-starter. After all, the fact that the truth of some empirical claim, say, the claim that there is an afterlife, would be desirable does not, by itself, give us any reason to believe it. But I argue that, when it is properly understood, this form of argument—which I call the better world argument—is valid in moral philosophy. I develop and defend a version of the argument that rests on the view that the correct moral theory cannot exhibit a certain form of self-defeat—a form that, as far as I know, has not been discussed in the literature. I also identify two promising applications of this form of argument. The first is a defense of permissions to promote one’s own private aims, rather than promote the greater good, and the second, an argument against the possibility of moral dilemmas
Keywords Self-defeat  Greater good  Parfit  Derek  Agent-relative permissions  Moral dilemmas  Inviolability  Rights
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-013-0154-2
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References found in this work BETA

Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
On What Matters: Two-Volume Set.Derek Parfit - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
The Methods of Ethics.Henry Sidgwick - 1871 - Thoemmes Press.
Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point.R. M. Hare (ed.) - 1981 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
The Limits of Morality.Shelly Kagan - 1989 - Oxford University Press.

View all 28 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Civic Trust.Ryan Preston-Roedder - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
Objectivism and Subjectivism in Epistemology.Clayton Littlejohn - forthcoming - In Veli Mitova (ed.), The Factive Turn in Epistemology. Cambridge University Press.
The Self-Effacement Gambit.Jack Woods - 2019 - Res Philosophica 96 (2):113-139.
Trust-Based Theories of Promising.Daniele Bruno - 2020 - Philosophical Quarterly 70 (280):443-463.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

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