“Fanon on the Role of Violence in Liberation: A Comparison to Gandhi and Mandela.”

In Lewis Gordon, T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting & Renee White (eds.), Frantz Fanon: A Critical Reader. Oxford, U.K.: pp. 282-296 (1996)

Gail Presbey
University of Detroit Mercy
Both Gandhi and Fanon used divergent medical models to come up with their analogies for political action. For Gandhi, non-invasive medicine (such as fasting), prayer, and vigil took a key role in his response to individual illness of the body. He counseled similar tactics to challenge ‘illness” or error in the body politic. Fanon, a psychiatrist trained also in medicine referred to colonialism as a gangrene germ that threatened the life of the body politic, and therefore needed to be amputated or surgically removed. Hence, he had greater willingness to use violence to achieve the goals of liberation. Mandela respected both of these views and walked a fine line between them, deciding his movement would engage in violence against property while trying its best to minimize human casualties.
Keywords Frantz Fanon  Mohandas Gandhi  Nelson Mandela
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 63,219
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Fanon, Sartre, Violence, and Freedom.Neil Roberts - 2004 - Sartre Studies International 10 (2):139-160.
Fanon, Sartre, Violence, and Freedom.Neil Roberts - 2004 - Sartre Studies International 10:139-160.
Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics.Nigel C. Gibson & Roberto Beneduce - 2017 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
Fanon on Turtle Island: Revisiting the Question of Violence.Anna Carastathis - 2010 - In Elizabeth A. Hoppe & Tracey Nicholls (eds.), Fanon and the Decolonization of Philosophy. Lexington (Rowman & Littlefield). pp. 77.
On Politics and Violence: Arendt Contra Fanon.Elizabeth Frazer & Kimberly Hutchings - 2008 - Contemporary Political Theory 7 (1):90-108.
A Life of Struggle as Ubuntu.Thaddeus Metz - 2018 - In Sabelo Ndlovu-Gatsheni & Busani Ngcaweni (eds.), Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela: Decolonial Ethics of Liberation and Servant Leadership. Africa World Press. pp. 97-111.
The Secret Life of Violence.Elena Ruíz - 2019 - In Dustin J. Byrd & Seyed Javad Miri (eds.), Frantz Fanon and Emancipatory Social Theory. Brill.
Violence in a Spirit of Love: Gandhi and the Limits of Non-Violence.Vinit Haksar - 2012 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (3):303-324.
Examining Carceral Medicine Through Critical Phenomenology.Andrea J. Pitts - 2018 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 11 (2):14-35.


Added to PP index

Total views

Recent downloads (6 months)

How can I increase my downloads?


Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.

My notes