Philosophical Forum 36 (1):41–58 (2005)

Abstract
The protection of noncombatants from deadly violence is the centrepiece of any account of ethical and legal constraints on war. It was a major achievement of moral progress from early modern times to World War I. Yet it has been under constant attrition since - perhaps never more so than in our time, with its 'new wars', the spectre of weapons of mass destruction, and the global terrorism alert. Civilian Immunity in War, written in collaboration by eleven authors, provides the first comprehensive analysis of all main aspects of this highly topical subject. It considers the arguments for rejection of civilian immunity and the main theories of the grounds and proper scope of this immunity, both deontological (just war theory) and consequentialist. Separate chapters examine the historical development of the idea of civilian immunity, its standing in current international law, and the problem of "collateral damage": of harming civilians without intent, as a side-effect of attacks on military targets. The volume also addresses a string of specific issues. Civilian immunity has undergone much attrition with the development of air warfare and the tendency of military conflict to degenerate into "total" war. On the other hand, modern military technology with its precision guidance missiles and "smart" bombs opens up the possibility of restricting deadly violence to its proper targets and staying clear of civilian life, limb, and property. Another pressing issue is the fate of women in war in light of mass rapes characteristic of some 'new wars'.
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ISBN(s) 9780199290741
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-9191.2005.00188.x
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The Killing of the Innocent.Jeffrie G. Murphy - 1973 - The Monist 57 (4):527-550.
Self-Defense, Collective Obligation, and Noncombatant Liability.Kai Draper - 1998 - Social Theory and Practice 24 (1):57-81.

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Terrorism, Supreme Emergency and Killing the Innocent.Anne Schwenkenbecher - 2009 - Perspectives - The Review of International Affairs 17 (1):105-126.
Remote Weaponry: The Ethical Implications.Suzy Killmister - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (2):121–133.
Jus Ad Bellum After 9/11: A State of the Art Report.Mark Rigstad - 2007 - International Political Theory Beacon.
Noncombatant Immunity and the Ethics of Blockade.Robert Mayer - 2019 - Journal of Military Ethics 18 (1):2-19.

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