Sara Protasi
University of Puget Sound
I argue for the view that envy and jealousy are distinct emotions, whose crucial difference is that envy involves a perception of lack while jealousy involves a perception of loss. I start by noting the common practice of using ‘envy’ and ‘jealousy’ almost interchangeably, and I contrast it with the empirical evidence that shows that envy and jealousy are distinct, albeit similar and often co-occurring, emotions. I then argue in favor of a specific way of understanding their distinction: the view that envy is a response to a perceived lack of a valuable object, while jealousy is a response to a perceived loss of a valuable object. I compare such a view with the most compelling alternative theories, and show that it accounts better for paradigmatic cases. I conclude by showing how the lack vs. loss model can handle complications: ambiguous cases, that is, when it is epistemically unclear whether one experiences lack or loss; hybrid cases, that is, when one seems to experience both lack and loss; and borderline cases, that is, when it is metaphysically unclear whether one experiences lack or loss.
Keywords jealousy  envy  emotions
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DOI 10.1017/apa.2017.18
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References found in this work BETA

Varieties of Envy.Sara Protasi - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (4):535-549.
The Subtlety of Emotions.[author unknown] - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 63 (4):810-811.
Deadly Vices.Gabriele Taylor - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
Comprehending Envy.Richard Smith & Sung Hee Kim - 2007 - Psychological Bulletin 133:46-64.

View all 21 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Emotion.Charlie Kurth - 2022 - Routledge.
Ressentiment.Andrew Huddleston - 2021 - Ethics 131 (4):670-696.
Envy and Us.Alessandro Salice & Alba Montes Sánchez - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (1):227-242.
Happy Self-Surrender and Unhappy Self-Assertion: A Comparison Between Admiration and Emulative Envy.Sara Protasi - 2019 - In Alfred Archer & Andre Grahlé (eds.), The Moral Psychology of Admiration. New York: Rowman & Little International. pp. 45-60.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

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