Chôra 7:87-103 (2009)
This paper proposes a new approach to Augustine’s illumination theory, understanding illumination as resulting from an act of the human being as much as from an action of God. Regardless of God’s ever present light, the human intellect is not constantly and indiscriminately illuminated. In order to explain how the human intellect attains knowledge to different degrees, and how it can resist the divine light without being actually able to deny it, I will make use of two concepts Augustine himself did not employ : the first one is relationship, the second, referring to God, is being-for-others. As being-for-others, God gives the human being not the gift of knowledge, but that of the relationship with Him, by means of which the human being can attain knowledge. By placing Himself in relationship with the human being, God grants it the freedom and power to cooperate in divine actions : re-creation after the fall, illumination and salvation. If passive, the human intellect does not receive knowledge, it is only in its turning towards the ever present light of Truth that it sees the intelligible truths in the divine light, and it is able to do so to the extent of one’s good will, or one’s love. Augustine sees illumination as a joint action of God and human being, depending on human being no less than on God. The concept of relationship and the understanding of God as being-for-others explain why no illumination will take place without the active role of the human intellect, why the divine light is not coercive, and why Augustine considers the necessity of both human freedom and God’s power in the act of knowledge
|Keywords||History of Philosophy Philosophy and Religion|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
The Conceptual Content of Augustinian Illumination.Caery A. Evangelist - 2010 - Philosophy and Theology 22 (1/2):3-26.
“Silence Is Praise to You”.Diana Lobel - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (1):25-49.
The “Divine” and the Human Person in Rosmini's Thought.Juan F. Franck - 2009 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 83 (2):183-200.
Foreknowledge and Human Freedom in Augustine.Vance G. Morgan - 1994 - Journal of Philosophical Research 19:223-242.
The Light of Thy Countenance: Science and Knowledge of God in the Thirteenth Century.Steven P. Marrone - 2001 - Brill.
Divine Illumination: The History and Future of Augustine's Theory of Knowledge.Lydia Schumacher - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell.
Descartes on Divine Providence and Human Freedom.C. P. Ragland - 2005 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 87 (2):159-188.
The Relation of God and Being in Descartes.Ilyas Altuner - 2012 - Igdir University Journal of Social Sciences (2): 33-51.
God and Humans in Islamic Thought: Abd Al-Jabbar, Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali.Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth - 2006 - Routledge.
Philosophical and Religious Origins of the Private Inner Self.Phillip Cary - 2011 - Zygon 46 (1):121-134.
Hegel's Metaphysics of God: The Ontological Proof of a Trinitarian Divine Ontology.Patricia Marie Calton - 2001 - Ashgate Publishing.
On the Impossibility of a Demonstration of Theological Determinism.Guy Mansini - 2004 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (4):573-580.
Added to index2011-12-01
Total downloads22 ( #228,552 of 2,172,090 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #75,926 of 2,172,090 )
How can I increase my downloads?