Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):450-463 (2017)

Abstract
Research on automatic attention to emotional faces offers mixed results. Therefore we examined validity effects for facial expressions of different emotions with a dot-probe paradigm in seven studies. Systematic variations of type of emotion, CTI, task, cue size, and masking allow for a differentiated assessment of attentional capture by emotions and possible moderating factors. Results indicate a general absence of emotional validity effects as well as a lack of significant interactions with either of the manipulated factors, indicating that facial expressions of emotions do not capture attention in a fully automatic fashion. These findings suggest that situational and contextual factors have to be taken into account when investigating attentional capture of emotional faces.
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DOI 10.1080/02699931.2017.1314932
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Components of Visual Orienting.M. I. Posner & Y. Cohen - 1984 - Attention and Performance X 32:531-556.

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