Is it Really so Easy to Model Biological Evolution in Terms of Design-free Cumulative Selection?

Abstract

Abstract: Without directly taking sides in the design/anti-design debate, this paper defends the following position: the assertion that biological evolution “is” design-free presupposes the possibility to model biological evolution in a design-free way. Certainly, there are design-free models of evolution based on cumulative selection. But “to model” is a verb denoting “modeling” as the process leading to a model. So any modeling – trivially – needs “previous human design.” Nevertheless, contrary to other scientific activities which legitimately consider models while ignoring the process leading to them, evolution theory must take into account the human activity of modeling required by its corresponding models.

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