Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):17-31 (2010)
The term dual use technologies refers to research and technology with the potential both to yield valuable scientific knowledge and to be used for nefarious purposes with serious consequences for public health or the environment. There are two main approaches to assessing dual use technologies: pragmatic and metaphysical. A pragmatic approach relies on ethical principles and norms to generate specific guidance and policy for dual use technologies. A metaphysical approach exhorts us to the deeper study of human nature, our intentions, goals, values ideals and social relations when considering dual use technology. Use of science and technology (S and T) is determined by two components of human nature: human intentions and choices. We have drawn a distinction between specific measures, goals and intentions with respect to technologies in order to show that moral judgment about technologies must precede their use. Understanding of our intentionality and values, and our moral ideals, as a measurable, tangible part of the real world is important for the prevention of any possible harm from S and T. In the context of dual use technologies, we stress the importance of three main understandings of human nature: vulnerability, responsibility and narrative identity. These can become a strong ontological “antidote” to technology’s poisoning of modern man. Each new technology can be measured and compared with man’s values, traditions and societal norms. This can be done bearing in mind the concept that human nature is not dualistic, but pluralistic. A system of ethical principles that includes the principles of good intentions, the correspondence of goals and means, the balancing of risks and benefits, simplicity, and contextuality, will help ensure that technologies are more humanistic and friendly to human beings.
|Keywords||Dual use technologies Science and technologies Intention and measure Human nature Ethical principles|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
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Citations of this work BETA
Possibilities, Intentions and Threats: Dual Use in the Life Sciences Reconsidered.Koos van der Bruggen - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (4):741-756.
A Note on the Definition of “Dual Use”.John Forge - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):111-118.
Hacking the Brain: Brain–Computer Interfacing Technology and the Ethics of Neurosecurity.Marcello Ienca & Pim Haselager - 2016 - Ethics and Information Technology 18 (117).
Introducing Survival Ethics Into Engineering Education and Practice.C. Verharen, J. Tharakan, G. Middendorf, M. Castro-Sitiriche & G. Kadoda - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):599-623.
“Dual Use” and “Intentionality”: Seeking to Prevent the Manifestation of Deliberately Harmful Objectives.Raymond E. Spier - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):1-6.
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