Environmental Ethics 11 (4):345-353 (1989)

Abstract
The concept of tragedy has been central to much of human history; yet, twentieth-century philosophers have done little to analyze what tragedy means outside of the theater. Utilizing a framework from MacIntyre’s After Virtue, I first discuss what tragedy is for human beings and some of its ethical implications. Then I analyze how we use the concept with regard to nonhumans. Although the typical application of the concept to animals is thoroughly anthropocentric, I argue first that the concept of tragedy can be applied directly to nonhumans (a) because the loss of potential for some nonhumans may be as a great or greater than loss of potential for some humans to whom the concept applies and (b) because tragedy depends on what is valued and, for those creatures that do not conceptualize death, the destruction of the present moment through pain and suffeling is the ultimate loss, and second that self-awareness in the human sense is not necessary for tragedy
Keywords Applied Philosophy  General Interest
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ISBN(s) 0163-4275
DOI 10.5840/enviroethics19891142
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Toward Positive Animal Welfare.Clive Hollands - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):757-758.
Assessing Animal Welfare: Design Versus Performance Criteria.Jeffrey Rushen - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):758-758.
Humans' Use of Animals: On the Horns of a Moral Dilemma.Brian Everill - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):756-756.
The Pervasiveness of Species Bias.Peter Singer - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):759-761.

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