Synthese 190 (9):1519-1531 (2013)

Authors
Geoffrey Pynn
Northern Illinois University
Abstract
Even if our justified beliefs are closed under known entailment, there may still be instances of transmission failure. Transmission failure occurs when P entails Q, but a subject cannot acquire a justified belief that Q by deducing it from P. Paradigm cases of transmission failure involve inferences from mundane beliefs (e.g., that the wall in front of you is red) to the denials of skeptical hypotheses relative to those beliefs (e.g., that the wall in front of you is not white and lit by red lights). According to the Bayesian explanation, transmission failure occurs when (i) the subject’s belief that P is based on E, and (ii) P(Q|E) P(Q). No modifications of the Bayesian explanation are capable of accommodating such cases, so the explanation must be rejected as inadequate. Alternative explanations employing simple subjunctive conditionals are fully capable of capturing all of the paradigm cases, as well as those missed by the Bayesian explanation
Keywords Transmission  Closure  Justification  Bayesian epistemology
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-011-9890-z
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Counterfactuals.David Lewis - 1973 - Blackwell.
Epistemic Operators.Fred I. Dretske - 1970 - Journal of Philosophy 67 (24):1007-1023.
What's Wrong with Moore's Argument?James Pryor - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):349–378.
Knowledge and Justification.John Pollock - 1974 - Princeton University Press.
Basic Knowledge and the Problem of Easy Knowledge.Stewart Cohen - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (2):309-329.

View all 21 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

A Weaker Condition for Transitivity in Probabilistic Support.William A. Roche - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (1):111-118.

View all 8 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2012-05-22

Total views
218 ( #42,677 of 2,421,806 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
28 ( #29,157 of 2,421,806 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes