Transcendent Theology and Kalam in Mulla Sadra


Abstract
Mulla Sadra has criticized many of the groups who posed theological problems before him in his works. In doing so, he harshly attacks the anti-philosophy superficial pseudo-scholars and advances severe objections against the followers of discursive wisdom who have received their knowledge in ways other than through prophethood and guardianship. He also opposes that group of the people of unveiling who are content with their dhawqi findings and have no demonstrative arguments supporting their words, goes against the people of theology, who believe in some corrupt and heretic ideas advocating the method of disputation, and emphasizes that the religious beliefs of laymen and the people of imitation are shaky.With reference to the necessity of knowledge and the purity of heart in receiving teachings and true sciences, as well as the vital importance of gnostic taste, reasoning, and revealed teachings, Mulla Sadra establishes his theological system. While resorting to reasoning and wisdom, Sadrian theology also benefits from intuitive knowledge, Qur'anic teachings, and traditions of the Infallibles. There is a harmony among rational arguments, gnostic taste, and revealed teachings in transcendent theology. In fact, without resorting to the common kalami methods of that time, Mulla Sadra explains many Islamic realities
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