Synthese 197 (5):2005-2027 (2020)
AbstractCan genealogical explanations affect the space of reasons? Those who think so commonly face two objections. The first objection maintains that attempts to derive reasons from claims about the genesis of something commit the genetic fallacy—they conflate genesis and justification. One way for genealogies to side-step this objection is to focus on the functional origins of practices—to show that, given certain facts about us and our environment, certain conceptual practices are rational because apt responses. But this invites a second objection, which maintains that attempts to derive current from original function suffer from continuity failure—the conditions in response to which something originated no longer obtain. This paper shows how normatively ambitious genealogies can steer clear of both problems. It first maps out various ways in which genealogies can involve non-fallacious genetic arguments before arguing that some genealogies do not invite the charge of the genetic fallacy if they are interpreted as revealing the original functions of conceptual practices. However, they then incur the burden of showing that the conditions relative to which practices function continuously obtain. Taking its cue from the genealogies of E. J. Craig, Bernard Williams, and Miranda Fricker, the paper shows how model-based genealogies can avoid continuity failures by identifying bases of continuity in the demands we face.
Similar books and articles
Nietzsches affirmative Genealogien.Matthieu Queloz - 2019 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 67 (3):429-439.
History as Philosophy? Genealogies and Critique.Andrius Gališanka - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 9 (3):444-464.
The Uncanny Effect of Telling Genealogies.Torsten Menge - 2017 - Southwest Philosophy Review 33 (1):63-73.
Out of the Space of Reasons: Argumentation, agents, and persons.Christopher W. Tindale - 2011 - Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (3):383-398.
Naturalizing the space of reasons.Bill Pollard - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (1):69 – 82.
Naturalism and the Space of Reasons in Mind and World.T. H. Ho - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (1):49-62.
Genetic therapy, identity and the person‐regarding reasons.Ingmar Persson - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (1):16-31.
Introduction: Naturalism, Normativity, and the Space of Reasons.James R. O’Shea - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (3):313-315.
Moral Case Classification and the Nonlocality of Reasons.Marcello Guarini - 2013 - Topoi 32 (2):267-289.
Non-Representational Theory: Space, Politics, Affect.N. J. Thrift - 2008 - Routledge.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
From Paradigm-Based Explanation to Pragmatic Genealogy.Matthieu Queloz - 2020 - Mind 129 (515):683-714.
Williams’s Pragmatic Genealogy and Self-Effacing Functionality.Matthieu Queloz - 2018 - Philosophers' Imprint 18:1-20.
The Points of Concepts: Their Types, Tensions, and Connections.Matthieu Queloz - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (8):1122-1145.
Being and holding responsible: Reconciling the disputants through a meaning-based Strawsonian account.Benjamin De Mesel - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 179 (6):1893-1913.
Genealogy and Knowledge-First Epistemology: A Mismatch?Matthieu Queloz - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 69 (274):100-120.
References found in this work
Philosophical Investigations.Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein - 1953 - New York, NY, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing.Miranda Fricker - 2007 - Oxford University Press.