Synthese:1-26 (forthcoming)

Authors
Thomas Raleigh
United Arab Emirates University
Abstract
A good account of the agnostic attitude of Suspending Judgement should explain how it can be rendered more or less rational/justified according to the state of one's evidence – and one's relation to that evidence. I argue that the attitude of suspending judgement whether p constitutively involves having a belief; roughly, a belief that one cannot yet tell whether or not p. I show that a theory of suspending that treats it as a sui generis attitude, wholly distinct from belief, struggles to account for how suspension of judgement can be rendered more or less rational (or irrational) by one's evidence. I also criticise the related idea that suspension essentially requires an 'Inquiring Attitude'. I show how a belief-based theory, in contrast, neatly accounts for the rational and epistemic features of suspending and so neatly accounts for why an agnostic has a genuine neutral opinion concerning the question whether p, as opposed to simply having no opinion.
Keywords Suspending Judgement  Agnosticism  Belief  Evidence  Rationality  Justification  Epistemic Normativity  Epistemology  Higher-Order Evidence  Propositional Attitudes
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-019-02223-8
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References found in this work BETA

The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
Higher‐Order Evidence and the Limits of Defeat.Maria Lasonen-Aarnio - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (2):314-345.
Reflection and Disagreement.Adam Elga - 2007 - Noûs 41 (3):478–502.
The Varieties of Reference.Louise M. Antony - 1987 - Philosophical Review 96 (2):275.

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