On creating worlds without evil – given divine counterfactual knowledge

Religious Studies 40 (4):457-470 (2004)
  Copy   BIBTEX


An important question raised in the Molinist debate is, ‘Given God's access to counterfactual knowledge, could God create a world in which free creatures always refrain from evil?’ An affirmative answer suggests that God cannot possess counterfactual knowledge since such knowledge would allow God to create seemingly more desirable worlds than the actual world. However, Alvin Plantinga has argued that it is at least possible that every possible person is transworld depraved – meaning that each person would perform some wrong actions if any world in which that person is morally free were actualized. I argue that, given an infinite number of possible persons, the probability that everyone is transworld depraved is exceedingly low. In addition, I investigate whether there are enough possible persons vis-à-vis the number of moral choices per person so that God could create worlds like the actual world, except lacking in moral evil.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,369

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

God, the Best, and Evil.Bruce Langtry - 2008 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Freedom and the free will defense.Richard M. Gale - 1990 - Social Theory and Practice 16 (3):397-423.
Leibniz, creation and the best of all possible worlds.Jesse R. Steinberg - 2007 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (3):123 - 133.
Theism and modal realism.Paul Sheehy - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (3):315-328.
Logical problem of evil.James R. Beebe - 2003 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Divine Freedom and the Problem of Evil.Theodore Guleserian - 2000 - Faith and Philosophy 17 (3):348-366.


Added to PP

163 (#119,072)

6 months
15 (#173,397)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Joshua Rasmussen
Azusa Pacific University

Citations of this work

Yet another anti-molinist argument.Dean Zimmerman - 2009 - In Samuel Newlands & Larry M. Jorgensen (eds.), Metaphysics and the good: themes from the philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams. New York: Oxford University Press.
What Are the Odds that Everyone is Depraved?Scott Hill - 2020 - American Philosophical Quarterly 57 (3):299-308.
Atonement’s Axiological Boundaries.Yishai Cohen - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (3):177-195.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references