Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (2):203-229 (2006)
This paper uses the friendship and collaboration of Edwin Ray Lankester , zoologist, and Herbert George Wells , novelist and journalist, to challenge the current interpretation of late Victorian concern over degeneration as essentially an intellectual movement with little influence in contemporary debates over social and political problems. Degeneration theory provided for Lankester and Wells the basis both for a personal bond and for an active programme of social and educational reform. I trace the construction of Lankester’s account of degeneration, initially as empirical ‘fact’ and later as ideologically inflected theory, and the reciprocal relationship between this theory and his critique of the British university system. I use Wells’s Outline of history to illustrate the profound influence of Lankester’s degenerationist worldview on Wells’s scientific and socio-political thought. Lankester’s synthesis of his theory and his critique led the two men to reject eugenics as an unscientific and ideologically incompatible solution to the problem of national deterioration. Instead, they campaigned for the reform of scientific education as a means of keeping mankind from physical, intellectual and cultural degeneration
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Reluctant Technocrats: Science Promotion in the Neglect-of-Science Debate of 1916-1918.Anna-K. Mayer - 2005 - History of Science 43 (2):139-159.
The Reception of Francis Galton's "Hereditary Genius" in the Victorian Periodical Press.Emel Aileen Gökyiḡit - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (2):215 - 240.
The Letters of Edwin Ray Lankester to Karl Marx: The Last Stage in Marx's Intellectual Revolution.Lewis S. Feuer - 1979 - Journal of the History of Ideas 40 (4):633.
An Anatomy of Cultural Melancholy.J. E. Chamberlin - 1981 - Journal of the History of Ideas 42 (4):691.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Book Review:The Great State. H. G. Wells, Frances Evelyn Warwick, L. G. Chiozza Money, E. Ray Lankester, C. J. Bond, E. S. P. Haynes, Cecil Chesterton, Cicely Hamilton, Roger Fry, G. R. S. Taylor, Conrad Noel, Herbert Trench, Hugh P. Vowels. [REVIEW]T. Whittaker - 1913 - Ethics 23 (2):242-.
Natural Science and the Classical System in Education Natural Science and the Classical System in Education: Essays New and Old. Edited by Sir Ray Lankester. One Volume. Pp. X + 268. London: Heinemann, 1918. 2s. 6d. Net. [REVIEW]Frank Granger - 1919 - The Classical Review 33 (5-6):110-113.
Wells' Short History of Rome A Short History of Rome to the Death of Augustus, by T. Wells, M.A. Methuen and Co. Pp. 353. 3s. 6d. [REVIEW]W. E. P. Cotter - 1898 - The Classical Review 12 (04):232-.
The Fact of Evolution: Implications for Science Education.James R. Hofmann & Bruce H. Weber - 2003 - Science and Education 12 (8):729-760.
The Fortune of Wells: Ida B. Wells-Barnett's Use of T. Thomas Fortune's Philosophy of Social Agitation as a Prolegomenon to Militant Civil Rights Activism.Tommy J. Curry - 2012 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 48 (4):456-482.
Postmodernism and its Challenge to the Discipline of History: Implications for History Education.Kaya Yilmaz - 2010 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (7):779-795.
The Theory of Contrary (the Theory of Degeneration).Pei Xin Cong - 2003 - American International Pub. House.
The Law of Civilization and Decay: An Essay on History.Brooks Adams - 1895 - Gordon Press.
Gertrude Himmelfarb: A Historian Considers Heroes and Their Historians.Lewis S. Feuer - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (1):5-25.
The Fallacy in H. G. Wells's “New Religion”.Wesley Raymond Wells - 1918 - The Monist 28 (4):604-608.
Laws Governing Degeneration of the Genetic Code.Manfred Welti - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (1-2):3-14.
The Science of Life. By H. G. Wells, Julian Huxley, and G. P. Wells. (London: Cassell & Co. Pp. 895, 339 Illustrations. 1931. Price 21s. Net.). [REVIEW]Jas Johnstone - 1931 - Philosophy 6 (24):506-.
How Confident Can We Be in Reconstructions of the Past?George A. Wells - 2013 - Think 12 (33):17-23.
Added to index2010-08-30
Total downloads17 ( #281,092 of 2,158,920 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #132,304 of 2,158,920 )
How can I increase my downloads?