Causes of Individual Differences in Animal Exploration and Search

Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (3):451-468 (2015)

Abstract
Numerous studies have documented individual differences in exploratory tendencies and other phenomena related to search, and these differences have been linked to fitness. Here, I discuss the origins of these differences, focusing on how experience shapes animal search and exploration. The origin of individual differences will also depend upon the alternatives to exploration that are available. Given that search and exploration frequently carry significant costs, we might expect individuals to utilize cues indicating the potential net payoffs of exploration versus the exploitation of known acts. Informative cues could arise from both recent and early-life experiences, from both the social and physical environment. Open questions are the extent to which an individual's exploratory tendencies are fixed throughout life versus being flexibly adjusted according to prevailing conditions and the actions of other individuals, and the extent to which individual differences in exploration extend across domains and are independent of other processes
Keywords Exploration–exploitation  Behavioral flexibility  Personality  Social information  Temperament  Individual differences  Search  Sampling
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/tops.12148
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 39,566
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Computer Science as Empirical Inquiry: Symbols and Search.Allen Newell & Herbert A. Simon - 1981 - Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 19:113-26.
Animal Innovation.Simon M. Reader & Kevin N. Laland (eds.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.

View all 11 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Explanation in a Reconceived Psychology of Personality.James T. Lamiell - 1991 - Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):11-23.
Individual Differences: Variation by Design.Anthony J. Greene & William B. Levy - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):676-677.
Group Differences ≢ Individual Differences.C. S. Bergeman & A. D. Seroczynski - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):546-548.
Normative and Prescriptive Implications of Individual Differences.Jonathan Baron - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):668-669.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-05-18

Total views
40 ( #186,578 of 2,325,876 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #269,290 of 2,325,876 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature