Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):314-317 (2019)

Authors
Inmaculada de Melo-Martin
Weill Cornell Medicine--Cornell University
Peter Koch
Villanova University
Abstract
Although shared decision-making is a standard in medical care, unilateral decisions through process-based conflict resolution policies have been defended in certain cases. In patients who do not stand to receive proportional clinical benefits, the harms involved in interventions such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation seem to run contrary to the principle of non-maleficence, and provision of such interventions may cause clinicians significant moral distress. However, because the application of these policies involves taking choices out of the domain of shared decision-making, they face important ethical and legal problems, including a recent challenge to their constitutionality. In light of these concerns, we suggest a re-conceptualization of informed non-dissent as an alternative approach in cases where the application of process-based policies is being considered. This clinician-directed communication model still preserves what is valuable in such policies and salvages professional integrity, while minimising ethical and legal challenges.
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DOI 10.1136/medethics-2018-105305
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References found in this work BETA

Principles of Biomedical Ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
Doing Away with Harm1.Ben Bradley - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (2):390-412.
Doing What We Shouldn't: Medical Futility and Moral Distress.Nancy S. Jecker - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (2):41-43.
On Patient Well‐Being and Professional Authority.Mildred Z. Solomon - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (1):26-27.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Concise Argument: The Importance of Consent and Choice.John McMillan - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):285-286.

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