Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):223-231 (2001)
High figure-ground contrast usually results in more positive evaluations of visual stimuli. This may either reflect that high figure-ground contrast per se is a desirable attribute or that this attribute facilitates fluent processing. In the latter case, the influence of high figure-ground contrast should be most pronounced under short exposure times, that is, under conditions where the facilitative influence on perceptual fluency is most pronounced. Supporting this hypothesis, ratings of the prettiness of visual stimuli increased with figure-ground contrast under short exposure times (.3, 1, and 3 seconds, respectively). This positive influence of figure-ground contrast was eliminated under an exposure time of 10 seconds. We conclude that stimuli with high figure-ground contrast are more appealing because they are easier to process, not because high figure-ground contrast per se is a desirable attribute. We discuss this finding in the context of William James? notion that the fringe of consciousness includes vague contextual feelings at the periphery of the focus of attention and suggest that perceptual fluency is one of these feelings
|Keywords||*Emotional States *Judgment *Time *Visual Contrast *Visual Perception Consciousness States Figure Ground Discrimination|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Scanning the “Fringe” of Consciousness: What is Felt and What is Not Felt in Intuitions About Semantic Coherence.Sascha Topolinski & Fritz Strack - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):608-618.
Mere Exposure Effect: A Consequence of Direct and Indirect Fluency–Preference Links☆.S. WillemS & M. Vanderlinden - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):323-341.
Mere Exposure Effect: A Consequence of Direct and Indirect Fluency–Preference Links.Sylvie Willems & Martial Van der Linden - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):323-341.
Das »Prinzip der Felder«: Experimentelle Prosa in der Frühphase der edition suhrkamp.Burkhard Meyer-Sickendiek - 2013 - Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft Und Geistesgeschichte 87 (3):386-404.
Similar books and articles
The Great Subjective Back-Referral Debate: Do Neural Responses Increase During a Train of Stimuli?Susan Pockett - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (3):551-559.
Timing of the Earliest ERP Correlate of Visual Awareness.Maria Wilenius & Antti Revonsuo - 2007 - Psychophysiology 44 (5):703-710.
Processing Fluency and Aesthetic Pleasure: Is Beauty in the Perceiver's Processing Experience?Rolf Reber, Norbert Schwarz & Piotr Winkielman - 2004 - Personality and Social Psychology Review 8 (4):364-382.
Visual Perception in Japanese Rock Garden Design.Gert J. Tonder & Michael J. Lyons - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (3):353-371.
Consciousness Absent and Present: A Neurophysiological Exploration of Masking.Edmund T. Rolls - 2006 - In Haluk Ögmen & Bruno G. Breitmeyer (eds.), The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. MIT Press. pp. 89-108.
Visual Awareness of Low-Contrast Stimuli is Reflected in Event-Related Brain Potentials.Ville Ojanen, Antti Revonsuo & Mikko Sams - 2003 - Psychophysiology 40 (2):192-197.
Toward a Theory of Visual Consciousness.Semir Zeki & Andreas Bartels - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (2):225-59.
Dissociating Size Representation for Action and for Conscious Judgment: Grasping Visual Illusions Without Apparent Obstacles.Elisabeth Stöttinger & Josef Perner - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):269-284.
Now You See It, Now You Don't: Preventing Consciousness with Visual Masking.Mark C. Price - 2001 - In Peter G. Grossenbacher (ed.), Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins. pp. 25-60.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads32 ( #162,283 of 2,177,829 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #317,245 of 2,177,829 )
How can I increase my downloads?