Perceptual concepts: in defence of the indexical model

Synthese 190 (10):1841-1855 (2013)

Abstract

Francois Recanati presents the basic features of the *indexical model* of mental files, and defends it against several interrelated objections. According to this model, mental files refer to objects in a way that is analogous to that of indexicals in language: a file refers to an object in virtue of a contextual relation between them. For instance, perception and attention provide the basis for demonstrative files. Several objections, some of them from David Papineau, concern the possibility of files to preserve and add information about objects across contexts. How is it possible to think about the same object when the subject no longer is in the original context? How is it possible to think of a perceived object as already known? Can this be done without an explicit identity judgment? Recanati answers these questions by invoking mental files of non-basic kinds and by describing the cognitive dynamics in which they take part.

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Author's Profile

Francois Recanati
Institut Jean Nicod

References found in this work

The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans - 1982 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Demonstratives: An Essay on the Semantics, Logic, Metaphysics and Epistemology of Demonstratives and Other Indexicals.David Kaplan - 1989 - In Joseph Almog, John Perry & Howard Wettstein (eds.), Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press. pp. 481-563.
Origins of Objectivity.Tyler Burge - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
Elements of Symbolic Logic.Hans Reichenbach - 1947 - London: Dover Publications.
The Varieties of Reference.Louise M. Antony - 1987 - Philosophical Review 96 (2):275.

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Citations of this work

Mental Files.François Recanati - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
Knowing What Things Look Like.Matthew McGrath - 2017 - Philosophical Review 126 (1):1-41.
Seeing and Visual Reference.Kevin J. Lande - 2021 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
Anti-Individualism and Transparency.Vojislav Bozickovic - 2020 - Synthese 197 (6):2551-2564.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

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