Addiction as vulnerabilities in the decision process

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):461-487 (2008)
In our target article, we proposed that addiction could be envisioned as misperformance of a decision-making machinery described by two systems (deliberative and habit systems). Several commentators have argued that Pavlovian learning also produces actions. We agree and note that Pavlovian action-selection will provide several additional vulnerabilities. Several commentators have suggested that addiction arises from sociological parameters. We note in our response how sociological effects can change decision-making variables to provide additional vulnerabilities. Commentators generally have agreed that our theory provides a framework within which to site addiction and treatment, but additional work will be needed to determine whether our taxonomy will help identify and treat subpopulations within the addicted community.
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DOI 10.1017/S0140525X08004986
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References found in this work BETA
Unified Theories of Cognition.Allen Newell - 1990 - Harvard University Press.
Self-Projection and the Brain.R. L. Buckner & D. C. Carroll - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):49-57.
Mental Time Travel in Animals?Thomas Suddendorf & Janie Busby - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (9):391-396.
This Is Biology: The Science of the Living World.Ernst Mayr & Edward O. Wilson - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):385-394.

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How Does the Brain Make Economic Decisions?Antonio Rangel - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (3):95-96.

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