Small Business and Social Irresponsibility in Developing Countries: Working Conditions and “Evasion” Institutional Work
Business and Society 57 (7):1301-1336 (2018)
AbstractSmall businesses in developing countries, as part of global supply chains, are sometimes assumed to respond in a straightforward manner to institutional demands for improved working conditions. This article problematizes this perspective. Drawing upon extensive qualitative data from Tirupur’s knitwear export industry in India, we highlight owner-managers’ agency in avoiding or circumventing these demands. The small businesses here actively engage in irresponsible business practices and “evasion” institutional work to disrupt institutional demands in three ways: undermining assumptions and values, dissociating consequences, and accumulating autonomy and political strength. This “evasion” work is supported by three conditions: void, distance, and contradictions. Through detailed empirical findings, the article contributes to research on both small business social responsibility and institutional work.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
No references found.
Citations of this work
Can Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives Improve Global Supply Chains? Improving Deliberative Capacity with a Stakeholder Orientation.Vivek Soundararajan, Jill A. Brown & Andrew C. Wicks - 2019 - Business Ethics Quarterly 29 (3):385-412.
The Role of Precontractual Signals in Creating Sustainable Global Supply Chains.Robert C. Bird & Vivek Soundararajan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):81-94.
Collide or Collaborate: The Interplay of Competing Logics and Institutional Work in Cross-Sector Social Partnerships.Juelin Yin & Dima Jamali - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (4):673-694.
Responsible Business Practices and Some Indian SMEs.Chhanda Chakraborti & Debadutta Mishra - 2018 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 7 (2):177-203.
Business and Human Rights: A Configurational View of the Antecedents of Human Rights Infringements by Emerging Market Firms.Luciano Ciravegna & Federica Nieri - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 179 (2):431-450.
Similar books and articles
Responsible Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries: Understanding the Realities and Complexities.Fara Azmat & Ramanie Samaratunge - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):437-452.
An Institutional Analysis of Corporate Social Responsibility in Kenya.Judy N. Muthuri & Victoria Gilbert - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (3):467 - 483.
The Consequences of Social Responsibility for Small Business Owners in Small Towns.Terry L. Besser - 2012 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 21 (2):129-139.
Investigating the Impact of Firm Size on Small Business Social Responsibility: A Critical Review.Jan Lepoutre & Aimé Heene - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (3):257-273.
Small Business and the Environment in the UK and the Netherlands: Toward Stakeholder Cooperation.Robert Rutherfoord - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (4):945-965.
Corporate Environmental Citizenship Variation in Developing Countries: An Institutional Framework.Şükrü Özen & Fatma Küskü - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (2):297-313.
Small Business Social Responsibility: Expanding Core CSR Theory.Laura J. Spence - 2016 - Business and Society 55 (1):23-55.
Institutional Resilience in Extreme Operating Environments: The Role of Institutional Work.Jean-Pascal Gond, Bernard Leca, Natalia Aguilar Delgado & Luciano Barin Cruz - 2016 - Business and Society 55 (7):970-1016.
Construction of Owner–Manager Identity in Corporate Social Responsibility Discourse.Merja Lähdesmäki - 2012 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 21 (2):168-182.
Convergence Versus Divergence of CSR in Developing Countries: An Embedded Multi-Layered Institutional Lens. [REVIEW]Dima Jamali & Ben Neville - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):599-621.
The Embeddedness of Responsible Business Practice: Exploring the Interaction Between National-Institutional Environments and Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW]Luc Fransen - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):213-227.
Keeping at Arm’s Length or Searching for Social Proximity? Corporate Social Responsibility as a Reciprocal Process Between Small Businesses and the Local Community.Merja Lähdesmäki & Timo Suutari - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 108 (4):481 - 493.
Institutional Conditions of Corporate Citizenship.Ronald Jeurissen - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):87-96.
Stakeholder Salience for Small Businesses: A Social Proximity Perspective.Merja Lähdesmäki, Marjo Siltaoja & Laura J. Spence - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (2):373-385.