Merten Reglitz
University of Birmingham
Proponents of practice-dependent egalitarianism argue that egalitarian duties and entitlements only apply among participants in morally relevant practices. In this paper, I argue that these views are implausible because they allow for objectionable treatment of non-participants. I show that it is impossible, on the basis of practice-internal considerations alone, to determine the extent to which the pursuit of practices can permissibly limit the opportunities of non-participants. There are opportunities beyond the current holdings of practices to which no one has a privileged claim (such as unowned natural resources), and the distribution of which is a matter of justice. A just distribution of such unowned distributive goods, though, requires a practice-independent distributive baseline. I further show that such a baseline can only be egalitarian because all alternative baselines face serious objections. From this I conclude that any plausible theory of distributive justice must accept some form of equal practice-independent distributive entitlements.
Keywords Global egalitarianism  Practice-Dependence  Distributive justice
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Reprint years 2017
DOI 10.1080/13698230.2015.1037575
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References found in this work BETA

The Law of Peoples.John Rawls - 1999 - Harvard University Press.
Political Theory and International Relations.Charles Beitz - 1979 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
The Problem of Global Justice.Thomas Nagel - 2005 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (2):113-147.
The Law of Peoples.John Rawls - 1993 - Critical Inquiry 20 (1):36-68.
Distributive Justice, State Coercion, and Autonomy.Michael Blake - 2001 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (3):257-296.

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