Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (3):322 - 342 (2009)

H. C. B. Liu
University of California, Berkeley
The frmation of the discourse of Neo-Confucianism in the Song period was a result of the interactions between many social and cultural trends. In the development of the Neo-Confucian discourse, the Cheng brothers (Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi) played key roles with their charismatic thoughts and impelling personalities, while Zhu xi pushed Neo-Confucian thought and discourse to a pinnacle wth his broad knowledge and precise reasoning. In the warm discussions and debates between different schools and thoughts, the Neo-Confucian discourse proceeded towards completion and perfection, and evolved as contemporary topics and thinking modes changed. The essay argues tha "ding xing 定性(stilling the nature)" was an important Neo-Confucian topic during the Song period. The doctrine of "stilling the nature" involves much central Neo-Confucian discourse such as the definition of xing 性。(human nature), the interior and exterior aspects of human nature, nature and qing 情 (feelings, sentiments), nature and xin 心(mind, heart), nature and ren 仁 (benevolence, humanity, humaneness) and yi 义(righteousness), nature and shi 事(affair) or wu 物(thig, object), the practice of preservation and cutivation, etc. Therefore, an examination of the formation, development and evolution of Neo-Confucianism is of great importance to the study of its early history. /// 宋代道学话语的形成,是众多社会文化思潮互动的结果。在道学话语创立的 过程中,二程〈程颖、程颐〉的思想魅力和人格感召起了关键的作用,朱嘉以其博 学多识和精密论证把道学思潮和话语推向一个高峰。在不同学派、不同思潮的相互 交锋中,道学话语也在不断走向丰富和完善,井随着时代主题和思考模式的变化而 变化。"定性"作为宋代道学的一个重要话语,关涉到性为何物、性之内外、性与情、 性与心、性与仁义、性与理、性与事(物〉、存养工夫等道学核心话语。因此,探讨 "定性"这一话语的形成、发展与转折,是研究早期道学史的一个重要课题。.
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