Presumed post-mortem donors: the degree of information among university students

BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-16 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX


BackgroundOrgan transplantation represents the most effective and acceptable therapy for end-stage organ failure. However, its frequent practice often leads to a shortage of organs worldwide. To solve this dilemma, some countries, such as Portugal, have switched from an opt-in to an opt-out system, which has raised concerns about respect for individual autonomy. We aimed to evaluate whether young university students are aware of this opt-out system so that they can make informed, autonomous and conscious decisions, as well as to identify the factors that determine a positive attitude toward post-mortem organ donation.MethodsAn observational, cross-sectional study was developed and a questionnaire was administered to first-year students from six faculties of the University of Porto.ResultsOf the 841 participants, 60% were unaware that Portugal had adopted an opt-out system. Among the informed individuals, their main sources of information included social media, internet, and family. Furthermore, only 48% of all participants agreed with the current opt-out system. Female sex (p = 0.049; OR 1.393), knowledge of the law (p < 0.001; OR 4.749) and family being the primary source of information (p < 0.001; OR 2.855) were independent factors associated with a positive attitude toward post-mortem organ donation law.ConclusionsThere is a significant lack of knowledge among young university students regarding the presumed post-mortem organ donation law and how it works. Female sex, having family as a primary source of information and being aware of the presumed post-mortem organ donation law are the strongest independent factors that determine a positive attitude toward the opt-out system.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,261

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Management of Post-Mortem Pregnancy: Legal and Philosophical Aspects.Rodney Taylor - 2010 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 13 (1):37-37.
Students on information support of educational process in the University.A. Gilyun & V. Makarenko - 2012 - Epistemological studies in Philosophy, Social and Political Sciences 1 (22):130-135.
Problems of selecting donors for artificial insemination.R. Schoysman - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (1):34-35.
Past Desires and the Dead.Steven Luper - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 126 (3):331-345.


Added to PP

31 (#518,746)

6 months
24 (#118,310)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?