Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale (1986)

Authors
Richard W. Field
Northwest Missouri State University
Abstract
In this dissertation I offer a theory of intrinsic value based on contextualist principles drawn from the value theories of John Dewey and Alfred North Whitehead. The point of departure for the argument is the contextualist view that the qualitative patters representing in experience objects of states of affairs to which we attribute values provide necessary, but not sufficient, conditions to elicit particular valuations, and ground the evaluative judgments we make. The sufficient conditions for valuation include a broader context of memories, beliefs, and peripheral qualia that combine in an integral experiential whole whose value is not reducible to that of its parts. It is first argued that value is, as G.E. Moore suggested, a simple, indefinable property. This property is emergent from experiential qualitative patterns in the sense that value is conditioned by the patterns, but is not itself a condition of them. An analysis of experiential qualitative pattern is then offered, which indicates how some parts of these patterns are focused on in evaluative judgment as crucial for the reproduction of particular values through practical action, whereas the influence of other parts is largely ignored, thus forming a relatively constant experiential context. Finally, a theory of evaluative judgment is offered based on contextualist principles. It is suggested that a contextualist theory can answer the challenge of value relativism by showing how evaluative judgment is 'position relative' rather than 'author relative'. That is, two subjects many come to different evaluative judgments on account of their differing positions or situations, while both may agree that the other's judgment is sound given his or her situation.
Keywords value  contextualism  Dewey  Whitehead
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 1987
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 60,920
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Two Forms of Epistemological Contextualism.Duncan Pritchard - 2002 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 64 (1):19-55.
S Knows That P.Ram Neta - 2002 - Noûs 36 (4):663–681.
John Dewey's Theory of Value Judgment.Kenneth Lee Arthur - 1987 - Dissertation, Emory University
Epistemic Modals in Context.Andy Egan, John Hawthorne & Brian Weatherson - 2005 - In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.), Contextualism in Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 131-170.
Epistemological Contextualism.N. Vassallo - 2001 - Filosofia 52 (1):61-88.
Simple Contextualism About Epistemic Modals Is Incorrect.Benjamin Lennertz - 2014 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):252-262.
Painted Leaves, Context, and Semantic Analysis.Stefano Predelli - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (3):351 - 374.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-02-07

Total views
15 ( #663,631 of 2,439,309 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #434,168 of 2,439,309 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes