Not Sick: Liberal, Trans, and Crip Feminist Critiques of Medicalization

Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (3):375-387 (2019)
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Abstract

Medicalization occurs when an aspect of embodied humanity is scrutinized by the medical industry, claimed as pathological, and subsumed under medical intervention. Numerous critiques of medicalization appear in academic literature, often put forth by bioethicists who use a variety of “lenses” to make their case. Feminist critiques of medicalization raise the concerns of the politically disenfranchised, thus seeking to protect women—particularly natal sex women—from medical exploitation. This article will focus on three feminist critiques of medicalization, which offer an alternative narrative of sickness and health. I will first briefly describe the philosophical origins of medicalization. Then, I will present three feminist critiques of medicalization. Liberal feminism, trans feminism, and crip feminism tend to regard Western medicine with a hermeneutics of suspicion and draw out potential harms of medicalization of reproductive sexuality, gender, and disability, respectively. While neither these branches of feminism—nor their critiques—are homogenous, they provide much-needed commentaries on phallocentric medicine. I will conclude the paper by arguing for the continual need for feminist critiques of medicalization, using uterus transplantation as a relevant case study.

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Citations of this work

Reframing the Australian Medico-Legal Model of Infertility.Anita Stuhmcke - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (2):305-317.

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References found in this work

The Republic.Paul Plato & Shorey - 2000 - ePenguin. Edited by Cynthia Johnson, Holly Davidson Lewis & Benjamin Jowett.
Undoing Gender.Judith Butler - 2004 - Routledge.
Feminist, Queer, Crip.Alison Kafer - 2013 - Indiana University Press.

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