Critical Inquiry 5 (1):143-159 (1978)

But is not the word "metaphor" itself a metaphor, the metaphor of a displacement and therefore of a transfer in a kind of space? What is at stake is precisely the necessity of these spatial metaphors about metaphor included in our talk about "figures" of speech. . . . But in order to understand correctly the work of resemblance in metaphor and to introduce the pictorial or ironic moment at the right place, it is necessary briefly to recall the mutation undergone by the theory of metaphor at the level of semantics by contrast with the tradition of classical rhetoric. In this tradition, metaphor was correctly described in terms of deviance, but this deviance was mistakenly ascribed to denomination only. Instead of giving a thing its usual common name, one designates it by means of a borrowed name, a "foreign" name in Aristotle's terminology. The rationale of this transfer of name was understood as the objective similarity between the things themselves or the subjective similarity between the attitudes linked to the grasping of these things. As concerns the goal of this transfer, it was supposed either to fill up a lexical lacuna, and therefore to serve the principle of economy which rules the endeavor of giving appropriate names to new things, new ideas, or new experiences, or to decorate discourse, and therefore to serve the main purpose of rhetorical discourse, which is to persuade and to please. Paul Ricoeur is professor of philosophy at the Université de Paris and John Nuveen Professor at the University of Chicago. He is editor of Revue de métaphysique et de morale and the author of many influential works on phenomenology, hermeneutics, and the philosophy of language. His most recent work to appear in English is The Rule of Metaphor: Multi-disciplinary Studies of the Creation of Meaning in Language. He has also contributed "Narrative Time" to Critical Inquiry
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1086/447977
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 68,908
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Imagination.Shen-yi Liao & Tamar Gendler - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Imagination.Tamar Szabó Gendler - 2011 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University.
How Literature Expands Your Imagination.Antonia Peacocke - 2021 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 103 (2):298-319.
Comparison by Metaphor: Archery in Confucius and Aristotle.Rina Marie Camus - 2017 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 16 (2):165-185.

View all 46 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

‘Top Down’ and ‘Bottom Up’: Imagination in the Context of Situated Cognition.Julia Jansen - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 19:31-39.
The Kantian Theory of Metaphor.A. T. Nuyen - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (2):95 - 109.
Feeling and Cognition.Barrie Falk - 1996 - In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Cambridge University Press. pp. 211-222.
Was Il’Enkov an Aesthetician?Elena Mareyeva - 2005 - Studies in East European Thought 57 (3-4):277 - 287.
The Expression of Feeling in Imagination.Richard Moran - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (1):75-106.
The Swaying Form: Imagination, Metaphor, Embodiment.Joseph U. Neisser - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):27-53.
What Feeling Is the “Feeling of Knowing?”.Bruce Mangan - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (4):538-544.
Imagination and Information.Paul Taylor - 1981 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (December):205-223.
The Stream of Consciousness: XXII. Apprehension and the Feeling Aspect.Thomas Natsoulas - 2000 - Imagination, Cognition and Personality 20 (3):275-295.


Added to PP index

Total views
56 ( #200,759 of 2,497,739 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
5 ( #140,171 of 2,497,739 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes