Evolving Notions of Nonhuman Personhood: Is Moral Standing Sufficient?

Journal of Evolution and Technology 24 (3):4-19 (2014)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Decisions regarding the attribution of personhood to nonhuman animals have implications not only for the rights held by a particular species but also for the moral obligations of humans as moral agents. Since humans decide which species are accorded moral standing; thus becoming candidates for legal standing as legal persons; we need to be aware of our own vested interests in where the boundaries of duty are drawn. This paper argues that simple determination of moral standing is not sufficient to induce relevant changes in moral behavior. It examines six problems that emerge for us in determining the personhood of nonhuman animals: identifying which capacities we believe to be morally relevant; separating the identification of capacities from the duty consequences; designing appropriate methodologies for assessing morally relevant capacities in nonhuman animals; identifying relevant claim rights for nonhuman animals; resolving competing moral interests among species and between nonhumans and humans; and ensuring appropriate moral behavior. The conclusion of this examination is that we have a long way to go in order to be consistent in our moral behavior.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,199

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The failure of theories of personhood.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1999 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (4):309-324.
Borderlands: Human Conduct at the Limits of Ethics.Jordan Curnutt - 1991 - Dissertation, The University of Arizona
Recognizing Nonhuman Morality.Simon J. Coghlan - 2014 - Between the Species 17 (1).
The Question is Not, "Can They Talk?".G. Namkoong & T. Regan - 1988 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (2):213-221.
Autonomous Pigs.David Judd & James Rocha - 2017 - Ethics and the Environment 22 (1):1-18.
Egalitarianism and Animals.Oscar Horta - 2016 - Between the Species 19 (1):108-144.
Modal Personhood and Moral Status: A Reply to Kagan's Proposal.David DeGrazia - 2016 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):22-25.
Hume on the nonhuman animal.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):322 – 335.

Analytics

Added to PP
2019-01-12

Downloads
1 (#1,499,352)

6 months
1 (#448,894)

Historical graph of downloads

Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

Purism: Logic as the Basis of Morality.* Primus - 2021 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 29:1-36.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Animal Liberation.Peter Singer (ed.) - 1977 - Avon Books.
The Case for Animal Rights.Tom Regan - 1983 - University of California Press, C1983.
The Case for Animal Rights.Tom Regan & Mary Midgley - 1986 - The Personalist Forum 2 (1):67-71.
Animal Liberation.Bill Puka & Peter Singer - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (4):557.
The Grounds of Moral Status.Julie Tannenbaum & Agnieszka Jaworska - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:0-0.

View all 9 references / Add more references