Immateriality of the Soul according to Three Muslim Sages


Abstract
Because of the importance of the issue of immateriality of soul, all the arguments, adduced to prove the immateriality of soul by these three sages, are discussed thoroughly. In this article, four arguments, adduced by al-Farabi, and seven arguments, put forth by Ibn Sina, and five arguments, posed by Mulla Sadra, are analyzed.According to al-Farabi, soul, as long as from which the secondary perfections do not emerge and, as long as it is in the mode of potentiality, is the form of body. When the secondary perfections emerge, however, the soul will become immaterial, and it can be no more regarded as the form of body. Ibn Sina regards all the cognitive faculties, in which man and animal share, as material; and rational soul, which is specific to man, as immaterial.In his arguments, to prove the immateriality of the soul, Mulla Sadra says:"human soul do some deeds, without corporeal tool. It is, therefore, in doing these acts, needless of body. Soul is independent of body. And in another place: in some cases, the form obtained for soul and lost as a result of overlook, without a new factor influencing on soul, reappears in soul. From here it can be seen that soul is immaterial and not corporeal. There are some other arguments, for the sake of brevity, we do not mention
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