Thinking and Reasoning 7 (2):173 – 204 (2001)
Many researchers have suggested that premise interpretation errors can account, at least in part, for errors on categorical syllogisms. However, although it is possible to show that people make such errors in simple inference tasks, the evidence for them is far less clear when actual syllogisms are administered. Part of the problem is due to the lack of clear predictions for the solutions that would be expected when using modified quantifiers, assuming that correct inferences are made from them. This paper presents the expected solutions for Gricean, reversible, and reversible Gricean interpretations, and evaluates these using three datasets (two currently available, and one new). The evidence supported the adoption of reversible and reversible Gricean interpretations, but not Gricean interpretations on their own. These results suggest that the categorical syllogism task tends to induce different quantifier interpretations from those identified in simple inference tasks.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Can Natural Language Semantics Explain Syllogistic Reasoning?Stephen E. Newstead - 2003 - Cognition 90 (2):193-199.
How Diagrams Can Support Syllogistic Reasoning: An Experimental Study.Yuri Sato & Koji Mineshima - 2015 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (4):409-455.
Similar books and articles
Image and Language in Human Reasoning: A Syllogistic Illustration.Keith Stenning & Peter Yule - 1997 - Philosophical Explorations.
Towards a Mental Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter - 2005 - Psychologica Belgica 45 (1):71--99.
The Development of Deductive Reasoning: How Important is Complexity?Graeme S. Halford & Glenda Andrews - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):123 – 145.
Psychology and Syllogistic Reasoning.N. E. Wetherick - 1989 - Philosophical Psychology 2 (1):111 – 124.
Reasoning Strategies in Syllogisms: Evidence for Performance Errors Along with Computational Limitations.Monica Bucciarelli - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):669-670.
Theories of Categorical Reasoning and Extended Syllogisms.David E. Copeland - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (4):379 – 412.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads23 ( #217,532 of 2,163,985 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #348,017 of 2,163,985 )
How can I increase my downloads?