Abstract
Interactive robots are used increasingly not only in entertainment and service robotics, but also in rehabilitation, therapy and education. The work presented in this paper is part of the Aurora project, rooted in assistive technology and robot-human interaction research. Our primary aim is to study if robots can potentially be used as therapeutically or educationally useful ‘toys’. In this paper we outline the aims of the project that this study belongs to, as well as the specific qualitative contextual perspective that is being used. We then provide an in-depth evaluation, in part using Conversation Analysis, of segments of trials where three children with autism interacted with a robot as well as an adult. We focus our analysis primarily on joint attention which plays a fundamental role in human development and social understanding. Joint attention skills of children with autism have been studied extensively in autism research and therefore this behaviour provides a relevant focus for our study. In the setting used, joint attention emerges from natural and spontaneous interactions between a child and an adult. We present the data in the form of transcripts and photo stills. The examples were selected from extensive video footage for illustrative purposes, i.e. demonstrating how children with autism can respond to the changing behaviour of their co-participant, i.e. the experimenter. Furthermore, our data shows that the robot provides a salient object, or mediator for joint attention. The paper concludes with a discussion of implications of this work in the context of further studies with robots and children with autism within the Aurora project, as well as the potential contribution of robots to research into the nature of autism.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1075/is.5.2.02rob
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 64,316
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Enhancing Play Skills, Engagement and Social Skills in a Play Task in ASD Children by Using Robot-Based Interventions. A Pilot Study.Cristina A. Pop, Sebastian Pintea, Bram Vanderborght & Daniel O. David - 2014 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 15 (2):292-320.

View all 9 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Does Appearance Matter in the Interaction of Children with Autism with a Humanoid Robot?Ben Robins, Kerstin Dautenhahn & Janek Dubowski - 2006 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 7 (3):479-512.
There is No 'I' in 'Robot': Robots and Utilitarianism (Expanded & Revised).Christopher Grau - 2011 - In Susan Anderson & Michael Anderson (eds.), Machine Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 451.
To Help or Not to Help a Service Robot: Bystander Intervention as a Resource in Human–Robot Collaboration.Helge Hüttenrauch & Kerstin Severinson-Eklundh - 2006 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 7 (3):455-477.
Why Do Children with Autism Have a Joint Attention Impairment?Sue Leekam - 2005 - In Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.), Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds. Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2014-01-22

Total views
31 ( #354,672 of 2,456,148 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #303,503 of 2,456,148 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes