Fairness in Distributive Justice by 3- and 5-Year-Olds Across Seven Cultures

Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 40 (3):416-442 (2009)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

This research investigates 3- and 5-year-olds' relative fairness in distributing small collections of even or odd numbers of more or less desirable candies, either with an adult experimenter or between two dolls. The authors compare more than 200 children from around the world, growing up in seven highly contrasted cultural and economic contexts, from rich and poor urban areas, to small-scale traditional and rural communities. Across cultures, young children tend to optimize their own gain, not showing many signs of self-sacrifice or generosity. Already by 3 years of age, self-optimizing in distributive justice is based on perspective taking and rudiments of mind reading. By 5 years, overall, children tend to show more fairness in sharing. What varies across cultures is the magnitude of young children's self-interest. More fairness (less self-interest) in distributive justice is evident by children growing up in small-scale urban and traditional societies thought to promote more collective values.

Links

PhilArchive

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Justice as Fairness: Luck Egalitarian, Not Rawlsian.Michael Otsuka - 2010 - The Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):217-230.
Fairness in Allocating the Global Emissions Budget.David R. Morrow - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (6):669-691.
On Fairness.Craig L. Carr - 2000 - Routledge.
Fairness. [REVIEW]Ludvig Beckman - 2004 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (1):188-190.
Fairness as Justice.Anthony de Jasay - 2006 - Analyse & Kritik 28 (1):13-31.
Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. [REVIEW]Thaddeus Metz - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):618-620.
Measuring Fairness in an Unfair World.Jonathan Herington - 2020 - Proceedings of AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society 2020:286-292.
Family fairness.Edna Ullmann-Margalit - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (2):575-596.
On Fairness and Claims.Patrick Tomlin - 2012 - Utilitas 24 (2):200-213.

Analytics

Added to PP
2022-10-02

Downloads
399 (#50,533)

6 months
211 (#12,819)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Claudia Passos-Ferreira
New York University