El determinismo tecnológico y la "dialéctica de la historia" (Technological Determinism and the "Dialectic of History")

Critica 34 (100):3 - 31 (2002)
Abstract
El objetivo de este ensayo es reexaminar el fenómeno conocido como determinismo tecnológico. Si bien la creencia en algo así como un desarrollo tecnológico autónomo, con una especie de lógica propia, ha sido recientemente criticada y descartada por varios filósofos de la tecnología, aquí se piensa que dicha conclusión es injusta y apresurada. Con base en las importantes contribuciones teóricas de Hans Freyer y Friedrich Rapp --usualmente no tomadas en cuenta en la discusión actual-- , se muestra cómo se puede ver que el determinismo tecnológico desempeña un papel ineludible en lo que Karl Löwith ha llamado la "dialéctica de la historia". /// The aim of this paper is to take a second look at the phenomenon known as technological determinism. Although the belief in something like an autonomous, technological development, with a sort of logic of its own, has been recently attacked and dismissed by many philosophers of technology, here it is argued that such a conclusion is hasty and unfair. Relying on the important theoretical contributions of Hans Freyer and Friedrich Rapp --not usually considered in the current debate--, it is showed how technological determinism can be seen to play an ineludible role in what Karl Löwith has named the "dialectic of history".
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