The present work analyzes the controversy within biological systematics regarding the status of cladistics. The use of the parsimony method for phylogenetic reconstruction has been defended by appealing to a methodological principle of simplicity, as well as to empirical principles that external to systematics. I propose new kind of approach, which consists in considering it an empirical theory, thus justifying its application by its empirical success. To defend this point, a formal structuralist reconstruction of cladistics will be provided, which will help clarify what its central empirical statements are. At the same time, I show how these principles have been used to test that theory using experimental phylogenies.
Keywords cladística  estructuralismo metateórico  parsimonia
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La teoría de la selección natural darwiniana (The Darwinian Theory of Natural Selection).Santiago Ginnobili - 2010 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 25 (1):37-58.
Adaptación y función.Santiago Ginnobili - 2009 - Ludus Vitalis (31):3-24.

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