Bergmann's dilemma: exit strategies for internalists

Philosophical Studies 152 (1):55 - 80 (2011)
Michael Bergmann claims that all versions of epistemic internalism face an irresolvable dilemma. We show that there are many plausible versions of internalism that falsify this claim. First, we demonstrate that there are versions of "weak awareness internalism" that, contra Bergmann, do not succumb to the "Subject's Perspective Objection" horn of the dilemma. Second, we show that there are versions of "strong awareness internalism" that do not fall prey to the dilemma's "vicious regress" horn. We note along the way that these versions of internalism do not, in avoiding one horn of the dilemma, succumb to the dilemma's other horn. The upshot is that internalists have many available strategies for avoiding dilemmatic defeat
Keywords Epistemology  Internalism  Justification  Michael Bergmann  Dilemma  Awareness
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B. J. C. Madison (2010). Epistemic Internalism. Philosophy Compass 5 (10):840-853.

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