Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1229-1247 (2020)

Abstract
Use of patient clinical photographs requires specific attention to confidentiality and privacy. Although there are policies and procedures for publishing clinical images, there is little systematic evidence about what patients and health professionals actually think about consent for publishing clinical images. We investigated the opinions of three stakeholder groups at 3 academic healthcare institutions and 37 private practices in Croatia. The questionnaire contained patient photographs with different levels of anonymization. All three respondent groups considered that more stringent forms of permission for were needed identifiable photographs than for those with higher levels of anonymization. When the entire face was presented in a photo only 33% of patients considered that written permission was required, compared with 88% of the students and 89% of the doctors. Opinions about publishing patient photographs differed among the three respondent samples: almost half of the patients thought no permission was necessary compared with one-third of students and doctors. These results show poor awareness of Croatian patients regarding the importance of written informed consent as well as unsatisfactory knowledge of health professionals about policies on the publication of patients’ data in general. In conclusion, there is a need for increasing awareness of all stakeholders to achieve better protection of patient privacy rights in research and publication.
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DOI 10.1007/s11948-019-00134-y
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Clinical Photography and Patient Rights: The Need for Orthopraxy.I. Berle - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (2):89-92.

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Clinical Photography and Patient Rights: The Need for Orthopraxy.I. Berle - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (2):89-92.

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