Computer Simulation in the Physical Sciences


Abstract
Computer simulation is shown to be philosophically interesting because it introduces a qualitatively new methodology for theory construction in science different from the conventional two components of "theory" and "experiment and/or observation". This component is "experimentation with theoretical models." Two examples from the physical sciences are presented for the purpose of demonstration but it is claimed that the biological and social sciences permit similar theoretical model experiments. Furthermore, computer simulation permits theoretical models for the evolution of physical systems which use cellular automata rather than differential equations as their syntax. The great advantages of the former are indicated
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Simulated Experiments: Methodology for a Virtual World.Winsberg Eric - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (1):105-125.
Computer Simulations as Experiments.Sara Franceschelli - 2009 - Synthese 169 (3):557 - 574.

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