On the Ontology of Spacetime: Substantivalism, Relationism, Eternalism, and Emergence

Foundations of Science 22 (1):141-159 (2017)

Abstract
I present a discussion of some issues in the ontology of spacetime. After a characterisation of the controversies among relationists, substantivalists, eternalists, and presentists, I offer a new argument for rejecting presentism, the doctrine that only present objects exist. Then, I outline and defend a form of spacetime realism that I call event substantivalism. I propose an ontological theory for the emergence of spacetime from more basic entities. Finally, I argue that a relational theory of pre-geometric entities can give rise to substantival spacetime in such a way that relationism and substantivalism are not necessarily opposed positions, but rather complementary. In an appendix I give axiomatic formulations of my ontological views.
Keywords Ontology  Physics  Spacetime
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DOI 10.1007/s10699-015-9476-1
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References found in this work BETA

What Price Spacetime Substantivalism? The Hole Story.John Earman & John Norton - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (4):515-525.
Presentism.Thomas M. Crisp - 2003 - In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.

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Gravitational Waves and Spacetime.Mario Bunge - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (2):399-403.

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