Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):193-203 (2017)

Authors
Hyundeuk Cheon
Seoul National University
Ivar Hannikainen
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro
Vilius Dranseika
Vilnius University
18 more
Abstract
Is behavioral integration a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data from over 5,000 people across 26 samples, spanning 22 countries suggests that it is not. Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we argue that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first taken into account, and when an agent sincerely asserts that p, nonlinguistic behavioral evidence is disregarded. In light of this, we take ourselves to have discovered a universal principle governing the ascription of beliefs in folk psychology.
Keywords behavioral circumscription  belief  cross‐cultural  delusions  folk psychology
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DOI 10.1002/tht3.248
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