Explaining and Expanding the Scope of Strawson's Reactive Attitudes: An Examination and Application of Freedom and Resentment

Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):46-63 (2007)
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Abstract

In this paper, I examine P. F. Strawson's "Freedom and Resentment" [6] in an effort to clarify the essential features of attitudes that Strawson believes may be understood as reactive. I propose a definition of the reactive attitudes that outlines the various conditions that must be met in order to give rise to a given reactive attitude. I then expand upon Strawson's work (as captured in my definition of reactive attitudes) by introducing two additional categories of reactive attitudes: self-reflexive reactive attitudes and second-personal reflexive reactive attitudes. In addition to explaining the new categories of reactive attitudes that I seek to introduce, I also set forth reasons that lead me to accept such attitudes as reactive. Finally, I outline why I believe the self-reflexive reactive attitudes provide the foundation upon which all the other reactive attitudes rest.

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References found in this work

Recent work on moral responsibility.John Fischer - 1999 - Ethics 110 (1):93–139.
Free will and rationality.A. J. Ayer - 1980 - In Z. van Straaten (ed.), Philosophical Subjects. Oxford University Press.
Constrained belief and the reactive attitudes.Jonathan E. Adler - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):891-905.
Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments. [REVIEW]Randolph Clarke - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (1):230-232.

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