From the revolutionary class to the human subjectivity. On the autonomous subject in Cornelius Castoriadis’ work


Abstract
In this paper we propose the exam of one of the key points in the work of Cornelius Castoriadis: autonomy, as individual and collective project. Our purpose is to review the development in his view of the subject that motorizes social transformation. For this, we start from Castoriadis' critics to the role that Marxist theory assigns to the proletariat as a revolutionary class to reach an idea of human subjectivity with reflection and deliberation capacities. We will highlight the contributions of the Freudian psychoanalytic perspective in this conception, as well as the distances with the Marxist perspectives than think the transformation of the individual as an awareness process.
Keywords Autonomy  Castoriadis  Castoriadis.  Subject  Subjectivity  autonomía  subjetividad  sujeto
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