What makes a mental state feel like a memory: feelings of pastness and presence

Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 64:95-122 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The intuitive view that memories are characterized by a feeling of pastness, perceptions by a feeling of presence, while imagination lacks either faces challenges from two sides. Some researchers complain that the “feeling of pastness” is either unclear, irrelevant or isn’t a real feature. Others point out that there are cases of memory without the feeling of pastness, perception without presence, and other cross-cutting cases. Here we argue that the feeling of pastness is indeed a real, useful feature, and although this feeling does not define memory ontologically, it is a characteristic marker which helps us easily categorise a mental state first-personally. We outline several cognitive features that underlie this experience, including the feeling of past accessibility, ergonomic significance, immersion, objectivity and mental strength. Our account is distinctly phenomenal, rather than doxastic, although our web of beliefs may contribute to this experience.

Similar books and articles

Feeling the past: beyond causal content.Gerardo Viera - 2021 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 64:173-188.
Existential feelings: How cinema makes us feel alive.Dina Mendonça - 2012 - Cinema: Journal of Philosophy and the Moving Image 3:211-228.
La fenomenología de la percepción en Spinoza.Zachary Hugo - 2018 - Revista de Filosofía 74:91-108.
The failures of functionalism.Sarah Robins - 2021 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 64:201-222.
Two Visual Systems and the Feeling of Presence.Mohan Matthen - 2010 - In Nivedita Gangopadhyay, Michael Madary & Finn Spicer (eds.), Perception, Action, and Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics and Two Visual Systems. Oxford University Press. pp. 107.
Self-Referential Memory and Mental Time Travel.Jordi Fernández - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (2):283-300.


Added to PP

61 (#206,072)

6 months
41 (#42,648)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Michael Barkasi
Rice University (PhD)
Melanie G. Rosen
Trent University

References found in this work

Action in Perception.Alva Noë - 2005 - MIT Press.
Elements of Episodic Memory.Endel Tulving - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
Action in Perception by Alva Noë. [REVIEW]Alva Noë - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (5):259-272.
The Analysis of Mind.Bertrand Russell - 1921 - Duke University Press.

View all 73 references / Add more references